Appropriate Testing for Children with Pharyngitis (CWP)

Assesses children 2–18 years of age who were diagnosed with pharyngitis, dispensed an antibiotic and received a group A streptococcus test for the episode. A higher rate represents better performance (i.e., appropriate testing).

Why it Matters

Pharyngitis, or sore throat, is a leading cause of pediatric ambulatory care visits and can be caused by a virus or by bacteria.1 Viral pharyngitis does not require antibiotic treatment. However, antibiotics continue to be inappropriately prescribed. Proper testing and treatment of pharyngitis would prevent the spread of sickness. It would also reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics.2 Inappropriate treatments with antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance (when antibiotics can no longer cure bacterial infections),3 which makes it essential that children with pharyngitis have appropriate testing, diagnosis and treatment.

Results

APPROPRIATE TESTING RATE
CommercialMedicaidMedicare
YearHMOPPOHMOHMOPPO
201786.885.778.3--
201680.778.466.5--
201582.881.171.1--
201482.480.469.5--
201380.778.466.5--
201280.278.968.0--
201180.279.366.7--
201077.676.664.9--
200977.475.562.3--
200875.674.161.4--
200774.773.558.7--
200672.769.456.0--
200569.764.552.0--
200472.6-54.4--

References

  1. K. Simon. 2014. “Pediatric Pharyngitis.” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/967384-overview
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2013. “Is It Strep Throat?” http://www.cdc.gov/Features/strepthroat/
  3. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. 2013. “Antibiotics Aren’t Always the Answer.” http://www.cdc.gov/features/getsmart/

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